Telangana, India - "India’s Newest State"


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Telangana, India’s 29th and newest state, is populated by the Telugu people. This state covers 44,000 square miles of hot, dry land and forms the link between northern and southern India.

A Region Moving Forward

Muslim rulers governed Telangana from the 14th century until 1948. In 1956, although some pled for Telangana to be a separate state, Telangana became part of Andhra Pradesh, a South Indian state. On June 2, 2014, after decades of protests, Telangana’s people gained their dream of statehood.

In the heart of Telangana sits the bustling capital city of Hyderabad, a high-tech center of around 7 million people. With a large Muslim minority, Hyderabad is home to one of the biggest mosques in India.

An Agrarian Culture

While the capital is a technology hub, much of Telangana depends on agriculture. Irrigated by the Godavari and Krishna Rivers, Telangana produces significant amounts of rice, cotton, sorghum, maize and other crops. Telangana cuisine can be distinguished by its incredibly spicy curries, full of chili peppers and tamarind, and its rotis (flatbreads) made from millets grown in the region.

Diversity

Most inhabitants of Telangana 10,000-plus villages and 15 cities speak Telugu, but the vast majority of the Muslim population speaks Urdu, and others in the state speak Hindi. 66 percent of people in Telangana are literate.

Photo Gallery

Crowds of people and vehicles pour through one of the gates near Hyderabad’s largest mosque.

Crowds of people and vehicles pour through one of the gates near Hyderabad’s largest mosque.

Far from the city masses, these women continue the traditional rural lifestyle followed by the people of Telangana for centuries.

Far from the city masses, these women continue the traditional rural lifestyle followed by the people of Telangana for centuries.

This woman belongs to one of the many tribal groups that inhabit the rural villages of the Telangana Region.

This woman belongs to one of the many tribal groups that inhabit the rural villages of the Telangana Region.

 
Telangana

At A Glance:
Telangana

Size: 44,000 sq. mi.
Capital City: Hyderabad
Population: 36 million
476 People groups
Religions:

  • 85% Hindu
  • 12% Muslim
  • 2% Christian
  • 1% Other
34% are illiterate

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